Speed Reading: Because Effectiveness Is Everything

Speed reading uses comprehension techniques to increase your reading pace. This is a clever way to make the most of your time, since many of us entrepreneurs never have enough of that in a day! The key is to read fast enough to enjoy a reduction in time commitment while still absorbing the information. 

As a systematic scientist, I can see how speed reading tricks the brain into putting together information using fewer resources, ie., fewer words. These techniques are especially handy when you are reading business resources or textbooks. A balanced goal to aim for in speed reading is a score of 200-400 words per minute (WPM). This rate allows for comprehension of the subject matter while still allowing you to move along briskly.

Here are a few speed reading techniques that you can put into practice:

  1. Read the most important points first. The table of contents, any reviews of key information or chapter summaries should be read first. By reading these right away, your brain will have already been exposed to the subject matter, and as you are reading through the book you will be able to pull out related key concepts. This aids in speedy comprehension.
  2. Read the first and last sentence of each paragraph. These two sentences hold the core concepts of a paragraph. After reading the first and last sentence, glance over the body of the paragraph. This gives you a general notion of what the paragraph is about. 
  3. Guide your eyes with your finger or pen. Help prevent visual regression, the unconscious re-reading of sentences, by dragging your finger or a pen underneath the words as you read. This forces your eyes to follow along. You will read the words directly above your finger/pen rather than unconsciously retracing back over the sentence.
  4. Avoid subvocalizing while you read. This means you must not read outloud or mouth the words, as doing so will slow you down. If you can’t break the habit of subvocalizing, try chewing a bubble-gum while you are reading.
  5. Practice chunking. Learn to read common phrases as chunks rather than individual words. This technique works because your brain can recognize common groupings of words. For example, Catcher in the Rye or Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year are commonly seen phrases. Once you are familiar with these word groupings, all you really need to read is Catcher and Rye, or Christmas and Happy to know what the entire phrase is referring to.
  6. Play instrumental music in the background. Classical music, meditation soundtracks or alpha wave relaxation music are all ideal. Do not play music with lyrics, though, as this can hinder rather than help the speed reading process.
  7. Push yourself. You may not believe that you can complete that book or read that article, but push yourself to go faster than you think you can. Drag your finger along under the words a bit faster; skim the body of the paragraph faster than you normally would. You might be surprised by what you are capable of achieving!

You will have become an effective speed reader once you have a high WPM score while still being able to understand the key concepts of the material you are reading. Train your brain to approach reading the same way you would approach any other important aspect of your life: as a challenge to be conquered.

-Denis Bederov

What Are Smart Contracts?

The smart contract–it’s a contract that functions like a business rather than, well, just a contract. Perhaps you fancy yourself a technical visionary (I know I do). If so, you’ll want to keep your eye on this emerging smart tech tool. It’s well on its way to profoundly changing how we do business.

Though smart contracts resemble traditional contracts–they both define rules and result in actions being taken–the similarities end here. Smart contracts are actually sections of code that are immune to security threats. They are also self-enforcing. You could think of them as contracts that multitask. They store the directives of the contract, then confirm and carry out those directives. 

A unique and efficient tool, the smart contract can manage financial aspects of the agreement and act as a mediator, holding all parties accountable the way a lawyer would. And it accomplishes this, thanks to cryptology.

Smart contracts are an application on blockchain, a chain of records (“blocks”) that are connected via cryptology. Understanding this about blockchain will help you grasp why smart contracts are so secure.

Blockchain itself is considered an immutable distributed ledger. This means that once a smart contract is loaded into the blockchain, it is nearly impossible to alter it. 

Distributed, in this context, refers to the absence of a central authority. All elements in the blockchain, including a smart contract, are held accountable by an entire network of databases (ie., the blockchain). Therefore, no intermediary is needed outside of the coded smart contract itself. 

Since the design of the smart contract allows you to cut out any middlemen, you save time, money and the hassle of adding additional people to the mix. This is why blockchain-based smart contracts are, across the board, more secure and less expensive than traditional contract setups. 

A key to the autonomous nature of smart contracts is their coding. Smart contracts can use algorithms to automatically respond to the parameters of the contract, such as when a milestone is reached or an incident occurs. For example, say a contractor finishes a project and sends an invoice. The smart contract is coded to respond with the agreed-upon action: issuing a payment to the contractor and notifying them of their next job or end of contract.

This also makes it difficult to alter smart contracts. The boundaries of the contract and all transactions related to it are coded into and made publicly available via a blockchain ledger. No one can go in and tweak the smart contract independently of a consensus from the blockchain. And once an alteration is made, every database in the blockchain is aware of it. 

Immutability is not the only reason smart contracts create a sense of security. Though the ledger activity is posted publicly on the blockchain and can be monitored, information about the clients or contractors remains private. The identity of the individuals is not shared. 

Entrepreneurs and business traditionalists alike will benefit from transitioning to this technology. Taking advantage of the security smart contracts offer will set you apart as a technical visionary. Embrace the future of business transactions through smart contracts.

Denis Bederov

When Machines Become Customers

Machines are quickly becoming customers. As a systematic scientist, I see the benefits this will have for both individuals and businesses. 

Machines are methodical. They can take the guesswork out of everyday activities for humans, like when the optimal time to order a new ink cartridge is, or how to determine which car service facility is nearby, cost effective AND has the best reviews.

Normally, humans act as a third party between the machine and products or services. Take the printer with low ink, for example. Let us pretend that I notice the “low ink” light on my printer. I would surf the web to find the appropriate ink cartridge then place my order. Then I would process the payment online and wait for the package to arrive. Hopefully I will be home when it will be delivered, so that I can take it directly from the courier, sign for it and finally install the new ink cartridge. Ideally, I would order the ink as soon as I noticed the “low ink” light, though I may be busy with work and put off ordering the ink–maybe even forget to order it!

But with the AI service “Instant Ink”, a development by HP, my printer could place an order for new ink autonomously, as soon as it senses an impending shortage. When the ink arrives, all I need to do is to install it. 

Since development with autonomous tech like Amazon’s Alexa, HP’s printers and “self-aware” self-driving Uber vehicles is becoming more and more prevalent, I have started to ask myself: How can I change my marketing efforts for the machines?

This is an important question that every entrepreneur should address as they develop their business marketing strategies.

A machine customer cares primarily about efficiency and satisfaction of technical needs. It will favor a business that provides exactly what was promised. As business owners, we may need to rely more heavily on machines to adequately meet these types of machine customer needs. 

Human customers value efficiency and satisfaction of technical needs too– up to a certain point. A human customer may also place value on the friendliness of a customer service agent or the comfortable atmosphere of a service facility’s waiting area, though. This means they may be willing to pay more for the same quality of service simply because their desire for a more friendly or comfortable atmosphere is being met.

As you can see, machines will be prioritizing different values than human customers.

Consider how to cater to these machine customer “needs”. Machines rely on algorithms, inter-machine communication, data exchange and blockchain payments to carry out their activities. You must communicate with the machine customer through these methods. 

Because of this, you will need to update your marketing strategies. Yes, the Amazon Alexa is shopping online for, say, a shampoo for a human to use, but the human is not the one analyzing the product optics. Alexa is.

In this new market, the needs of both humans AND autonomous machines must be met. So ask yourself, what does a machine look for in a shampoo? Because changing your business design to accommodate machine customers is essential to staying relevant in this burgeoning marketplace. 

-Denis Bederov

Why You Should Never Be Afraid of Change 

I am a systematic scientist with several projects completed to my credit and many years of experience in my field. For a long time, I was scared of change, and trust me, it took me a while to get over that fear. However, I wouldn’t be the accomplished systematic scientist I am today if I didn’t muster courage and embrace the changes that came my way.

 

Change is inevitable. However, I’ve found out that so many hate to be pushed outside of their comfort zone and are really terrified of testing the waters. But one thing remains: not so much can be achieved in the comfort zone.

 

Definition Of Change – from the Perspective of a Systematic Scientist, Denis Bederov

I’ve been through lots of changes in my life – from my choice of career as a systematic scientist extending even to my personal life, and it hasn’t been all rosy. Sometimes, I’ll have to work on a novel project with a new team I’ve never met before, and then I get overwhelmed, but I definitely know it’s not just peculiar to me. So, if you ask me what change is,  I’ll say: “Change is transformation to a person’s situation, environment, or physical/mental condition that often leads to circumstances challenging their extant paradigms.” This simply means that change is challenging and often uncomfortable – uncomfortable in such a way that it often meets us impromptu and offsets our realities.

 

Views of Change, Denis Bederov

You might wonder what I really think of change and probably if there are any merits that may come along with embracing change. So, here are some benefits that I believe come with embracing change.

 

Change Opens Us to New Perspectives

While routine and conditioning makes us go through life without thinking too much, change often forces us to look at things from new perspectives. The truth is, without being forced to, many of us would rather stick with our age-long traditions and customs than try something new. However, when change comes, it brings new realities and compels us to jump out of complacency. Then, you get to review your priorities and embrace the new developments.

 

Change Humbles Us

New experiences shock us and remove our ego. Many often detest change because of selfishness and pride. Although some are out of fear and uncertainty. However, by the time we experience an unprecedented event, we are often thrown off balance and humbled. Then, we can realize how small and vulnerable we are. It is in this level of humility that we can gain clarity to make clearer decisions and work towards being a better person.

 

Change can Inspire Us to be Better

As a systematic scientist, husband, and father, I have to confess that the challenges of combining my family life with my career can be quite overwhelming. It’s a change that you can never really prepare for, no matter how hard you try. However, the demands of fatherhood and marriage didn’t make me quit on my job, but it has inspired me to be a better person in the home and out of it. Knowing I have a family who looks up to me gives me the drive to work harder and become a greater systematic scientist.

 

Final Words from Denis Bederov

Change is inevitable and beautiful! Without it, we would never be able to meet new people, test new grounds, or really discover our innate abilities. Of course, it can be a little challenging at first, but if you embrace and grow through it, you’ll become more competent, knowledgeable, and even more equipped.

In retrospect, you’ll only regret the opportunities that you didn’t take simply because you were afraid of trying something new. So in my professional advice as a systematic scientist, I’ll say, never hate it; embrace it. The only permanent thing in life is change; so, don’t be afraid of it, embrace it and grow through it!

 

Read more articles:

3 Reasons Why You Should Always Be Technologically Up to Date – by Denis Bederov

Tips on What Smart Innovations Will Save You Money

Fascinating – How Communication Has Developed Through New Technologies

3 Reasons Why You Should Always Be Technologically Up to Date – by Denis Bederov

Technology is indispensable. Interestingly, that indispensability has made technology ubiquitous and allowed it to pervade every sphere of our lives. Not just that, it keeps evolving at a rapid pace. In fact, even being a technical visionary, the evolution of technology is so rapid that keeping up with the trends can be quite overwhelming! But here’s one thing I know for sure – and every technical visionary will admit it – except you’re involved with these contemporary technological trends, it can also be somewhat difficult to learn and use them proficiently. However, it’s also important to carefully select the ones relevant to your business or career.

 

From healthcare to art, to culture, to business, to entertainment – all of these can be enhanced greatly when combined creatively with technology. If you desire to improve your career prospects and ensure your job security, you can’t do without being technologically up-to-date. In fact, if you as a technical visionary like me desire to launch a new field within your industry, I’ll advise that you keep up to date with technology trends and innovations. Much more, I’ll recommend that if you see any innovation, it’s best to consider investing in learning how you can adopt it within your career.

 

Being Technologically Up-to-date – from the Perspective of a Technical Visionary, Denis Bederov

There are so many reasons why professionals across different fields must stay up to date with trends in technology, and here I have provided an overview of some of them.

 

Improved Decision Making

As a technical visionary with years of dedicated experience in my field, I have realized that staying abreast of technology trends prepares individuals to take informed decisions in their whatever discipline they choose – even as a consumer. Today, there’s an abundance of products and services that promise to make people’s lives more comfortable, more enjoyable, or even healthier, and more and more of these products spring up like each day. However, while a technologically-up-to-date person cannot know how every new technology works, how to use it, and several other things, he or she can learn enough about a product of interest, so as to properly harness and utilize it or to even opt not to use it.

 

Upgraded Skill Set

Whether you’re a job seeker, a hiring manager, or even a technical visionary like me, staying up-to-date with technology trends can also upgrade your own skill set. As you look into emerging trends of technology, you get to discover new areas and competencies you should upgrade or develop.

 

Rest assured, if you get left behind by the trends of technology, you will become outdated and soon irrelevant in your career, and sadly open yourself up to being overthrown and replaced. Job seekers also need to know that to be employable, you need savviness especially in emerging technologies. Staying up to date with technology will make you more employable and definitely keep your job secure.

 

Innovation

Every technical visionary knows that staying up-to-date with technology is part of what makes him unique. That’s why people who know me would say that I am not just another technical visionary, I am an innovator. It’s because I am well-informed about the current developments in my field and I can also predict certainly the trends in years to come. By staying abreast of technological trends, you can also help to drive the future of the technology forward, and even ideate new applications for it.

 

Final Words from Denis Bederov

Keeping up with the latest technology will not only help you as an individual, it also enhances your company’s competitive advantage in the industry by helping it stay relevant and unparalleled in the market. There’s no reason for you to be technologically ignorant!

 

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Tips on What Smart Innovations Will Save You Money

Innovation propels technology, making entrepreneurs save money and businesses to run more smoothly. Innovation, even when it’s the evolution of an existing product, enables an entrepreneur to manage his/her business more productively and at lower costs. A shrewd entrepreneur should know that while all these innovations may look attractive and great at face value, not all of these innovations will be appropriate for his business. For this reason, there is a need to assess them meticulously. This is why I have written this to enlighten any entrepreneur reading this on the kind of smart innovations you need to invest in to save you money, as much as you consider efficiency and productivity.

 

Denis Bederov Advises Using Open Source Apps

Open-source software like Linux and Android have not only evolved into business-friendly platforms, they have also continued to roll out innovations favouring the growth of small and big businesses alike. Linux with their open source services and applications, for example, from the server to the desktop, has forced their rivals to reevaluate how users and businesses interact with hardware and their customers. With the Linux desktop, any adept entrepreneur will be able to save cost on licensing fees for the operating systems and still be assured of security. Furthermore, with the power of the Linux server, businesses are equipped with productivity-enhancing tools, like customer resource management, human resource management, and several other platforms they might not have had access to. These innovations are worth mentioning because they are considered cost-effective.

 

Denis Bederov Recommends Mobile Payment Systems

For any budding entrepreneur willing to save on recurring costs, I recommend mobile payment systems. These payment options have finally become robust and secure enough to be used, especially by any small business. This is why they have continued to be applied in the restaurant industry and small boutique shops. Much more, today, almost any smartphone can now accept payments being powered with tools like the Intuit’s GoPayment and other similar point-of-sale applications. With this novel, reliable, cost-effective payment systems, your business can easily travel, and it can quickly and effortlessly take payments for services and products.

 

Electronic Invoicing And Receipts

I have observed that electronic invoicing and receipts have started invading small businesses, to the advantage of every savvy entrepreneur. Switching to issuing email receipts to customers is a great way for businesses to save the cost of receipt printer paper – and even the cost of maintaining printers altogether. While it may seem like a negligible cost at first, all the papers and costs add up over time. However, thanks to the continuous growth and evolution of electronic invoices – entrepreneurs and small businesses get paid instantly and save money.

 

Blogging Platforms for Entrepreneurs

Any entrepreneur willing to promote his/her business for the lesser price should try blogging. By generating relevant content in your chosen niche, it will empower you to become an authority and the go-to person in your field. Also, blogging platforms can help your business or organization to easily connect with your customers and audience in ways you never even dreamed possible. With platforms like WordPress, you have access to a wide range of resources in the form of add-ons that can transform your simple blog into a full-fledged content-driven website for promoting your products and services.

 

Final Words from Denis Bederov

There are several other smart innovations for any entrepreneur committed to cutting back on expenses and maximizing returns on investment in their businesses. Some of them include crowdfunding, cloud-based groupware, investing in tablets for employees and several other energy-saving appliances for use in the office. Your business is only as profitable as the smart innovations you employ!

 

Read more articles:

Fascinating – How Communication Has Developed Through New Technologies

The Greatest Achievements of Space Travel and How They Have Influenced Our Lives

The Greatest Achievements of Space Travel and How They Have Influenced Our Lives

Fascinating – How Communication Has Developed Through New Technologies

Technology has spawned mind-blowing changes in our world. Those days of low-level, basic, and primitive paradigms of technology are far behind us now. Technology has affected our lives in unprecedented ways and still continues influencing major sectors of the world, such as transport, education, health, business, and communication. As a technical visionary, I agree that the advancements in science and technology have made a great impact on the way we communicate, and consequently introducing new paradigms.

Recently, the means of communication have continuously evolved from simple text messages and audio calls to more interactive and ubiquitous methods like video calls and instant messaging apps and platforms which offer other communication services. Clearly, the undeniable impact of technology in communication can be felt by both individuals, businesses, and even governments.

Like every other technical visionary I know, I see technology as a volatile and a progressive phenomenon. This means that it changes and advances rapidly over time. Today, to the delight of every technical visionary like Denis Bederov, technology has enhanced communication to the point where instant messaging is now possible anywhere in the world. In this post, I want to discuss how the evolution of technology has improved and enhanced communication.

 

How Technology Has Influenced Communication – from the Perspective of a Technical Visionary, Denis Bederov

The impact of technology on communication is innumerable. From the pictographs, to the invention of paper and the printing press, invention of telephone, telegrams, postal service, and many more, now, it’s the era of the Internet and electronic messaging – faster and more real-time than ever. In the following points, I’ve listed some ways technology has immensely influenced communication.  

Faster Speed, Lesser Costs

The most notable impact of technology on communication is the proliferation of the Internet and the endless possibility of sending emails and chatting. In the pre-information technology era, sending a letter over a distance to someone else often required a visit to the postal office and a postage stamp. Even faster means such as telegrams had severe limitations in word length and were quite expensive.

The advent of computers, the Internet, and smartphones has eased the process of creating and editing documents. With the email, we can send documents to any part of the world within seconds, so much that telegrams and even snail mails have become mostly outmoded. The era of mobile computing, powered by the Internet, has thus increased the speed of communications abundantly, and reduced the costs drastically.

Accessibility

From the standpoint of a technical visionary, this post on how technology has influenced communication will be incomplete without mentioning the role of technology in the democratization of communication systems. Technology has reduced the costs of communication gadgets significantly and consequently improved people’s access.

The proliferation of social media, live news coverage, and other fascinating media-related innovations has resulted in worldwide access and real-time participation in news and information for almost everyone. Even in the business sphere, technology has helped remove communication barriers, eliminated monopoly, and ensured a level playing field for the most part.

Quality

With the Internet, there is such a huge amount of knowledge accessible by a click of the mouse or even by a simple tap on a smartphone. So much can be achieved in seconds – translating a text from one language to another, searching out the meaning of an unknown word, and several other tasks are all possible today with the internet.

Furthermore, technology enhances easy storage and faster retrieval of communication when desired. This also applies to oral communication, the storage of which used to be quite difficult. Now, audio messages can be recorded, stored, replayed, and manipulated in many ways.

 

Final Words from Denis Bederov

The invention of new communication gadgets like smartphones has facilitated communication by allowing people to communicate without limitations. Honestly, as a technical visionary, I still believe that the impact of mobile gadgets on the nature of communication is largely underestimated. Not just that, communication has become concise and short, and the watchword has become “less is more.”

 

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The Greatest Achievements of Space Travel and How They Have Influenced Our Lives

How the First Satellites Were Created

What Exactly is Understood By Radio Technology? – Denis Bederov, a Technical Visionary

The Greatest Achievements of Space Travel and How They Have Influenced Our Lives

As a systematic scientist, I’m often asked how much I think building satellites for space and other space exploration and expedition has impacted our world. It’s a totally rational question. The short answer is that space exploration has tremendously helped shape our world. In fact, space travel has played an incomparable role in improving the state of the world and has led to a tremendous awareness of our ecosphere and the enormous universe that we live in. As a systematic scientist who has spent years in my chosen field and worked with different people from different walks of life, I can boldly say that the impacts of space expedition cannot be overemphasized.

 

How Space Travel Has Affected Our Lives – from the Perspective of a Systematic Scientist, Denis Bederov

Animals were the first species sent into space, but the USSR successfully sent cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin into space aboard the Sputnik 1 in 1961. Hence, Gagarin became the first human ever to orbit the Earth. Eight years later, millions watched from their televisions as Neil Armstrong’s pioneer moon landing was broadcast live. However, the greater impact of this space exploration went far beyond the national pride of the USA, it exposed us to a new era of technology. From that moment up until now, it has motivated thousands to study engineering and physics. Even today, a systematic scientist like me can attribute the inspiration for their careers to the strides of space travel.

 

About 5 decades ago, astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first human ever to set foot on another celestial body by landing on the moon. Up till then, a lot of people never deemed it possible that easier access to space would be so possible in that era. That pivotal moment when a human stepped foot on another world heralded the end of one phase of human civilization and the consequent beginning of a new one. Without gainsaying, milestones like these have not only shaped public perception but also greatly altered the course of human history. Since then, about a dozen other astronauts have walked on the moon, among the growing number of over half a thousand astronauts that have been to space.

 

Denis Bederov Believes that Space Travel Influenced Synthesis of Tools and Expansion of Space Knowledge

Space study, travel, and exploration have led to the synthesis of a wide range of hardware, software and processes that can be applied across several fields. Singlehandedly, space travel has provided a significant amount of vital knowledge in the education of people about a basic understanding of how our planet and the larger universe work. Some other notable direct benefits of space exploration include a wider knowledge that exists about space and the discovery of distant planets and galaxies, thus exposing us to the fundamentals of our universe.

 

Since TIROS I, the first weather satellite was launched on April 1, 1960, and many countries in the world today has gone ahead to launch satellites for different purposes, ranging from communication to weather forecasting, security, and several other functions. Today, the number of weather satellites in space has increased significantly, and much more than ever before, these satellites are now more sophisticated. Satellites now move in geostationary orbit – at the same speed as the Earth’s rotation, taking high-quality pictures of clouds and observing weather patterns. This has gone a long way in enhancing meteorologists to monitor and accurately forecast weather conditions, so they can give advanced warnings for disasters such as tsunamis and hurricanes, and thereby save lives.

 

The conclusion from a Systemic Scientist, Denis Bederov

I believe that as a systematic scientist, the innovation and exploration of the space terrain has served an inspiration for us. Embarking on space travel, astronauts leaving earth and defying gravity, taking steps on the moon, and various other achievements were pivotal moments in human civilization. Particularly, the scientific and technological advancements that followed space colonization all serve an inspiration to the scientific community of students, researchers, and every systematic scientist globally.

 

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How the First Satellites Were Created

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How the First Satellites Were Created

About six decades ago, precisely on October 4, 1957, the U.S.-U.S.S.R space race era kickstarted with the launching of Sputnik 1, the Soviet satellite and the pioneer man-made object to orbit the Earth. Even though it lasted about 21 days in space, the launch of Sputnik brought in a wave of stupendous advancements in political, military, technological, and scientific terrains.

As a systematic scientist, I define a satellite as an object in space that orbits around a bigger object. Broadly, there are two types of satellites: natural (such as the moon, the Earth’s satellite) and artificial (man-made satellites such as the International Space Station orbiting the Earth).

A great number of natural satellites abound in the solar system, with almost each planet having at least one moon. Artificial satellites, on the other hand, did not become a reality until the middle of the 20th century. So, how exactly were the first artificial satellites made?

 

The Sputniks: Soviet Union’s Space Pioneering Exploration – as written by Denis Bederov, a Systematic Scientist

Sputnik 1, the first man-made satellite to orbit Earth was a 184-pound (83-kilogram), 23-inch (58-centimeter) metal ball. While it was a landmark project back then, Sputnik 1’s contents will definitely look quite basic by today’s standards. At OKB-1, the manufacturer of Sputnik 1, the designers, engineers, technicians, and every systematic scientist involved in the development of the rocket and satellite were led by Mikhail S. Khomyakov. It had a thermometer, a battery, and a radio transmitter which changed the tone of its beeps according to temperature changes, and nitrogen gas, which pressurized the interior of the metal ball.

 

On the exterior, Sputnik 1 had four whip antennas which transmitted on shortwave frequencies above and below 27 MHz. Each of these antennas, designed by the Antenna Laboratory of OKB-1, led by systematic scientist, Mikhail V. Krayushkin, had an almost spherical radiation pattern. There were tracking stations on the ground which picked up the radio signals from this tiny satellite, and subsequently confirmed that the launch was successful and that Sputnik had begun orbiting around Earth. About a month later, precisely on November 3, 1957, the Soviets launched Sputnik 2, a bigger companion satellite conveying a dog named Laika, into orbit.

 

Denis Bederov, a Systematic Scientist Writes on America’s First Satellite, Explorer 1

Apparently intimidated and desperate to keep up with their Soviet Union counterparts, American space experts, researchers and systematic scientists also tried to launch a satellite into orbit aboard a Vanguard rocket in December 1957. Unfortunately, the rocket crashed and exploded on the launchpad in full view of the press, to the embarrassment of the nation.

 

However, on January 31, 1958, Explorer 1 was successfully launched and thus became the first U.S. satellite in orbit using its single instrument to send back data about the radiation environment high above Earth’s surface. Explorer 1 was designed and built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) led by Dr. William H. Pickering, a New Zealand-born systematic scientist. Explorer 1’s weighed a total of 13.37 kilograms (30.80 lb), roughly 16% of Sputnik 1’s total mass. Data from the satellite was transmitted to the ground station by two antennas operating on 108.03 MHz. In total, more than 29 transistors were used in Explorer 1, and it was powered by mercury chemical batteries contributing approximately 40% of the payload weight.

Hence, both Sputnik satellites and Explorer 1 became the debutants in the space race between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, a race which lingered until the late 1960s.

 

The conclusion from a Systematic Scientist, Denis Bederov

Since Sputnik’s launch, more than 40 countries have gone ahead to launch about 9,000 satellites into space. According to a 2018 estimate, more than half of these satellites remained in orbit. While less than 2,000 were still operational, the others have mostly lived out their useful lives and are now debris hanging in space.

 

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Radio waves

What Exactly is Understood By Radio Technology? – Denis Bederov, a Technical Visionary

Radio waves are a kind of electromagnetic radiation most popular for their widespread application in communication technologies, such as in television, mobile phones, and radios. These radio waves are capable of transmitting all kinds of data, including multimedia files, over very long distances. Today, a great percentage of what defines our modern lives has been achieved through radio wave technology, which has transformed the world in ways vastly beyond the anticipation of the first researchers and every technical visionary of the early age.

 

Looking back, it’s quite spellbinding how far radio technology has come and affected our civilization. But where did anyone ever get the idea that these invisible, yet powerful waves existed in the first place, and that they could be rightly used for wireless communication? Which notable technical visionary saw these electromagnetic waves affecting how we communicate and eventually evolving into an indispensable medium of communication?

 

The History of Radio Wave Technology, by Denis Bederov, a Technical Visionary

The story began with James Clerk Maxwell, a Scottish physicist who developed a unified theory of electromagnetism and published it in his Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism in 1873. According to the National Library of Scotland, it was Maxwell who first laid out a solid, mathematical case for and predicted the existence of radio waves. A few years later, in 1886, German physicist Heinrich Hertz proved Maxwell’s theories and applied them to the production and reception of radio waves. Hertz’s apparatus included an induction coil and a Leyden jar (an early type of capacitor comprising a glass jar with foil layers) to create electromagnetic waves. Hence, Hertz became the first scientist and technical visionary to transmit and receive controlled radio waves.

 

1894

Less than a decade later, precisely in 1894, the same year Hertz died, an Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi conducted experiments and successfully used radio wave technology to wirelessly transmit telegraph messages. Marconi was a technical visionary who foresaw that wireless radio technology had the potential to revolutionize global communication, and with the help of his scientific advisor John Fleming, a former employee of Edison Company and student of Maxwell, he began construction of the world’s first long-distance wireless telegraphy station in southwestern England.

 

Marconi eventually sent the letter ‘S’ from Cornwall, England to Newfoundland, Canada, and became the first technical visionary to signal the first radio transmission in human history, although he was using a patent already credited to Nikola Tesla.

 

1960

Fleming eventually invented the thermionic or diode valve to overcome the unreliability of the transmitters used in the earlier experiments, and this innovation spurred a huge leap in the history of radio wave technology. Fleming’s valve was later improved upon with the development of the triode, by Lee de Forest, to further amplify the signal. These valve systems became widely used in consumer electronics before the advent of transistors in the 1960s.

 

1920

By the 1920s, there was a boost in radio wave technology development, and soon the British Broadcasting Company (BBC) was born. Fast forward to the 1930s, before the rise of television broadcasting, radio was the primary electronic medium for news, entertainment, and sports, and thus, the era became known as the “Golden Age of Radio.”

 

Denis Bederov, a Technical Visionary, Writes on The Uses of Radio Technology Today

Radio waves technology had been used primarily for communication through telegraphy, and later through audio. Today, radio has advanced and become applied to so many facets of everyday life. From AM and FM radio stations, television broadcasting to cordless telephones, microwaves, GPS receivers and wireless cellular networks, this era of smartphone and the Internet will definitely be impossible without the efforts of every technical visionary involved in the evolution of radio waves technology.